Digital Accessibility Standards
World Wide Web Consortium
The World Wide Web Consortium, W3C for short, has developed a set of Guidelines that define how websites and other forms of digital communication can be developed to remove or limit communication barriers. W3C is an international community of member organisations, full time staff and the public that works together. It was started and is currently led by Tim Berners Lee, who is credited with the invention of the web.
W3C created the Web Accessibility Initiative (WAI) to develop the guidelines.
The guidelines have been implemented worldwide and are credited with ensuring access for the disabled. The guidelines are known as the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines, WCAG for short. The current WCAG standard is 2.2.
The standard in Australia is AS EN 301 549:2020. It is based in the Web Content Accessibility Guidelines Level 2.0 Level A.
Web Content Access Guidelines Principles
Perceivable sets standards about the way the website is viewed. How does it look on a mobile phone versus a desktop? Is the information still readable? That is the website is easy to understand and use. Perceivable looks at the layout of the website or document. how are the images treated on screens, do the form fields have labels attached that describe the field, Do the videos on the screen have captions or transcription that makes them accessible to the deaf or vision impaired.